(you don't have to know them to drink them...but it helps!)

There are thousands of grapes in the world that are used to make wine. Some of them can be found in just about every country (Cabernet Sauvignon) and others are unique to a single vineyard or town (just about every grape in Italy). Wine grapes are cultivated on every continent in the world except Antartica (but as the world heats more farmers are thinking of heading down that way...).

Just a quick lesson in linguistics: "Variety" is the specific grape within the species. "Varietal" is the term for a wine named after the dominant grape from which it is made. (i.e. Cabernet Sauvignon is a variety of grape, and it is a varietal wine that is 90% Cabernet Sauvignon and 10% Merlot.)





basic (classic) varieties

Cabernet Sauvignon - red -
Grape grown all over the world. This grape produces some of the fullest, richest and most age worthy wines in the world. Dark in color, high in tannin and medium in acid. The most common flavors associated with this are black currant (cassis) and black cherry. Often blended with Merlot and/or Cabernet Franc, particularly in Bordeaux. Synonyms

Chardonnay - white -
High quality wines are produced around the world from this are many terrible examples. The flavors can range from tart green apples to ripe pears to rich tropical mango and pineapple depending on the climate where it is grown. Can also be crisp, clean and full of minerality, but also ages well in oak giving it a creamy and toasty character. Synonyms

Chianti - red -
This is not a grape, but a wine from the Italian wine region of Chianti. The grape is called Sangiovese. In Italy some wines are named after the regions and others are named after the grapes - no rhyme or reason. Confusing enough for you? Synonyms

Malbec - red -
Most popular in Argentina, but grown in many different regions. An exciting red grape that can produce wines in a wide range of styles from lighter-bodied with raspberry and cherry flavors to the dark, brooding black cherry, cassis, smoke and spice wines that need years to age. Typically has fairly high acidity. Synonyms

Merlot - red -
Grown around the world and known for producing medium-to-full bodied red wines that are similar to Cabernet Sauvignon, but generally a bit more delicate. Often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon to soften some of the harsh tannins typical of that grape. Synonyms

Pinot Grigio - white -
The Italian name for Pinot Gris. The Italian version is generally grown in large quantities and is fairly neutral with light fruit flavors. Crisp and refreshing on a hot day. Synonyms

Pinot Noir - red -
Grown around the world, but most famous in Burgundy, California and Oregon. Recent fine examples are coming from New Zealand as well. Also a key grape in Champagne (along with Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier). Produces lighter bodied red wines with floral aromas and flavors of cola and cherries. Medium-to-high acidity allows the best wines to age very well. A fickle grape that sunburns easily results in Pinot Noir being one of the more expensive wines to produce. Synonyms

Sauvignon Blanc - white -
Grown all over the world, and recognizeable by its flavors of lemongrass, grapefruit and gooseberries. [Wtf are gooseberries?] Synonyms

Shiraz - red -
Australian (and other New World regions) name for Syrah. This term is generally used when the resulting style of wine is a rich, robust, juicy and jammy wine with high alcohol. This style was made popular in Australia. Synonyms

Syrah - red -
Most common in the south of France where some very tasty (and expensive) wines are produced in the Northern Rhone. A full bodied wine with meaty flavors and spicy pepper notes along with raspberry and blueberry fruit. Synonyms

Tempranillo - red -
Makes full bodied red wines throughout Spain, but is particularly popular in the Rioja region. It ripens earlier than most red grapes. This grape goes by many different names throughout the world (but mostly every random town in Spain feels they need their own name for it - it's a bit ridiculous). Synonyms

Zinfandel - red -
A versatile grape, it is used to produce a whole range of wines from rose, to light bodied, to bold and spicy, to fortified sweet dessert. Very popular in Northern California, used to produce slightly sweet pink wines "White Zinfandel" as well as high-alcohol, spicy, bold red wines. Synonyms

less common varieties

Barbera - red -
The second most planted grape in Italy (behind Sangiovese). Produces rich, smooth wines that are low in tannins and high in acid. Synonyms

Bonarda - red -
The second most grown grape in Argentina. Produces a dark, age worthy red wine. Synonyms

Cabernet Franc - red -
Grown in many different countries, but most famously used in Bordeaux and California, often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon or Merlot to produce full bodied, rich, tannic and age worthy wines. Not often used on its own, as it is somewhat mild in flavor. Typically has flavors of cherries and strawberries, and sometimes notes of green bell pepper when not fully ripe. Synonyms

Carmenere - red -
One of the oldest grape varieties that was, until recently, thought to be extinct. Often mistaken for Merlot and Cabernet Franc, it is found in France, Chile and Italy. It produces medium bodied wines that are spicy and smoky with a red cherry flavor. Generally low in tannins and best consumed young. Often blended with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and/or Cabernet Franc. Synonyms

Chenin Blanc - white -
Grown mostly in France's Loire Valley, this grape produces wines that are high in acid and have a lot of floral aromas (and often a distinct baby or mineral oil note). The wines from the Loire can be excellent, and range in style from sparkling to dry table wines to rich, sweet dessert wines. Most examples from other regions are pretty bad except South Africa which has produced several great dry Chenin Blanc wines. Synonyms

Gewürztraminer - white -
A native German grape with black skin, but used to produce white wines. Recognized by its very distinct spicy and floral aromas and flavors. Synonyms

Grenache - red -
Grown in many different regions of the world and used to produce various styles of wines. Generally a very sweet and opulent grape with flavors of blueberry. Used mostly in red table wines, but also used as the base for the famous French dessert wines from Banyuls. Synonyms

Nebbiolo - red -
One of the most important grapes in the Piedmont region of Italy. Used to produce several wines in Italy including the famous Barolo and Barbaresco. The wines are fairly light in color yet bold and full bodied with smoke and leather flavors that accent ripe cherry and raspberry fruit with a complex bouquet of herbs. Synonyms

Riesling - white -
Perhaps one of the most noble white grapes that produces excellent wines from dry and light bodied to sweet, heady and intense dessert wines. Unfortunately maligned for years in the United States, this grape is making a much deserved comeback worldwide. The wines are naturally very high in acid and have flavors of peaches and apricots with underlying flavors of minerals. Synonyms

Sangiovese - red -
The famous red Italian grape used to produce Chianti and Brunello (among other wines). The grape can produce very impressive full bodied wines with lush fruit flavors and high acidity, but due to mass production there are many inferior wines on the market that are simply thin and metallic. Synonyms

Semillon - white -
Used to produce both dry white wines and some of the best late harvest dessert wines in the world, particularly in Sauternes (Bordeaux, France). Very often blended with Sauvignon Blanc in both the US and France. Generally adds body and a round mouthfeel to the blend. Synonyms

Viognier - white -
Very similar in weight and body to Chardonnay but with a very different flavor profile, predominantly of peaches, and bold floral aromas. Synonyms

obscure varieties

Abouriou - red -
A grape that ripens early and is very disease resistant. Produces wines with low acid and high tannins. Despite many similar synonyms, it is not very similar to the Gamay grape.

Aligoté - white -
A thin skinned grape grown in Burgundy (although a tiny amount compared to Burgundy's famous white grape Chardonnay). Can also be found in many parts of Eastern Europe. Produces wines with high acidity and flavors of apples and lemons. Synonyms

Altesse - white -
Mostly grown in the Savoy region of France. Produces rich wines with tropical and citrus notes with a distinct herbal quality. Synonyms

Blauer Portugieser - red -
Produces a very simple light red wine that is generally low in acid. Most common in Austria, Germany and Central Europe. Very common bulk wine in Germany where it is known simply as Portugieser. Synonyms

Blaufränkisch - red -
Austrian grape that produces medium bodied wine with fresh flavors and medium acidity. Similar in flavor to Cabernet Franc, but not the same grape. Synonyms

Bonarda Piemontese - red -
A light fruity wine not to be confused with Argentina's Bonarda. Synonyms

Bourbelanc - white -
A white grape often blended with others in the Rhone. Rarely used by itself.

Bouvier - white -
A little grown grape from Austria and Hungary. Mostly used for an unfiltered, sweet sparkling wine made to drink almost immediately to celebrate the harvest in Austria.

Carignan - red -
Used most often in blended wines to add deep color or tannins. Generally not used on its own because it has high natural acid and tannins that are difficult to make into a soft, elegant wine. Produces a lot of juice so it is widely grown in France, most of which is distilled into alcohol for industrial uses. Synonyms

Cinsault - red -
Very resistant to heat, so it is grown widely in hotter, drier regions (like the South of France). Often blended with other red grapes like Grenache and/or Syrah. Synonyms

Chambourcin - red -
An interspecific hybrid of French and American grapes created in 1963 for is resistance to fungus. Mostly grown in the mid-Atlantic US (from New Jersey to Virginia), but can also be found in some parts of Europe.

Charbono - red -
A little can be found in California and France. Produces a dark, rich wine with medium-to-high tannins and acidity. Well made wines tend to have very good aging potential. The second most commonly grown grape in Argentina where it is called Bonarda.

Clairette Blanche - white -
One of the oldest grape varieties. Somewhat bland and used mostly for blending. Well suited for making Vermouth as it is high in alcohol and low in acid. Synonyms

Colombard - white -
Mostly used for distilling in France to make Cognac and Armagnac. Prized for its fairly neutral qualities with high natural acidity. Called French Colombard in the US. Synonyms

Croatina - red -
Grown in Lombardy and produces a lighter bodied red wine. Synonyms

Dolcetto - red -
A small grape that produces fairly acidic, tannic and fruity wines best consumed at a young age. Grown widely in Italy, with the most important plantings in the north west region of Piedmont. Has many different names in the various regions of Italy. Synonyms

Doradillo - red -
Spanish in origin, but now mostly grown in Australia for use in fortified wines. Fairly neutral flavors. Synonyms

Durif - red -
More commonly known as Petite Sirah.

French Colombard - white -
Used in cheaper white California bulk wines to give body and acidity. Just called Colombard in France.

Frühburgunder - red -
Similar to Pinot Noir, but with smaller berries and ripens earlier. Synonyms

Gamay - red -
Mostly found in southern France. Generally produces wines that are light, fresh and fruity, and best when consumed young. Syonyms

Grenache Blanc - white -
Produces full bodied and fruity wines. Most common in Spain and the South of France. Often blended with Roussane in France. Synonyms

Grüner Veltliner - white -
The most important grape for winemaking in Austria. It produces a wine that is fruity and full bodied with a distinct peppery quality to it in the best examples. Widely grown in the Czech Republic as well, but few other places. Synonyms

Hermitage - red -
A South African term for Cinsault. Note: there is also a region in France called Hermitage, but the wines from this region are mainly produced from Syrah. The two grapes are very different, although some Cinsault is occasionally blended with Syrah in the French Hermitage wine.

Klevner/Clevner -
A term used for several different grape varieties: Pinot Blanc [Alsace], Pinot Noir [Zurich], Traminer [Baden]

Macabeo - white -
Mostly grown in Spain and Southern France, it produces acidic wines that are made for consumption when they're young. Blended with Parellada and Xarel-lo to make Spain's traditional sparkling Cava. Synonyms

Marsanne - white -
Produces full bodied, flavorful white wines that develop intense character with age. The wines are generally spicy with pear notes that turn nutty and honeyed as it ages. Popular in the Northern Rhone where it is one of two major grapes used to make the rare white wines of Hermitage and Chateuneuf du Pape. Synonyms

Mataro - red -
Catalonian and Portuguese name for Mourvedre. This term is also used in various New World countries, particularly Australia.

Mencia - red -
Traditionally produced pale wines for drinking early, but recent experiments have shown it may be capable of making full bodied wines that can age.

Monastrell - red -
Spanish name for Mourvedre.

Mondeuse Blanche - white -
A minor grape that is rapidly disappearing. Found mostly in the Savoie region of France. Used to make very basic table wines. Synonyms

Mondeuse (Noire) - red -
Produces a wine that is dark in color and high in acid. Often added to blends to help the wines age. Also used in several different countries in fortified port-style wines. Despite similarities in name, it does not have much in common genetically to Mondeuse Blanche. Synonyms

Monteuse - red -
See Dolcetto. Not to be confused with Mondeuse.

Mourvedre - red -
Most common in the south of France, and blended with other grapes to make Chateauneuf du Pape. Produces wine that is rather dark in color and often has heavy, meaty flavors with a touch of iodine. Synonyms

Müller-Thurgau - white -
Similar to the Riesling grape, but the wines are not quite as powerful and they lack the acidity of the Riesling. Grown in many countries including Germany, Austria, Italy, England, Australia, Czech Republic, New Zealand and Japan. Synonyms

Muscadelle - white -
Produces simple white wines that smell and taste very grapey. Used in small amounts in dessert wines, both late harvest and fortified. Despite similarities in name, this is not a grape in the Muscat family. Synonyms

Muscat -
The name for a family of grapes, not a single variety. All the Muscat grapes have a distinctive floral and musky aroma and taste a lot like grapes. All types of wines are made from the Muscat family: dry, sweet, still, sparkling and fortified.

Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains - white -
One of the grapes in the Muscat family. Thought to be one of the oldest grape varieties still in existence, and therefore somewhat genetically unstable. While technically a white grape, the same vine can produce white grapes one year and slightly pinkish ones the next. Currently used for dry wines in Alsace (although it is being replaced by Muscat Ottonel), the sweet French wine Muscat de Beaumes de Venice, and as the Muscat in the higer quality Asti Spumante and Moscato d'Asti from Italy. Synonyms

Muscat of Alexandria - white -
One of the grapes in the Muscat family. Believed to be one of the oldest grape varieties still growing today. Very important in South Africa where it is used to make sweet wines (and a few dry), and also used in the French fortified wine Muscat de Rivesaltes. Used somewhat for bulk wine production in Calfornia, and also harvested as a table grape. Synonyms

Muscat Ottonel - white -
One of the grapes in the Muscat family. Until recently it was predominantly grown in Eastern Europe for use in dessert wines (Austria and Croatia) and dry wines (Alsace and Hungary). It is rapidly replacing Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains in Alsace because it is a hardier variety. Synonyms

Negroamaro - red -
Grown almost exclusively in the Puglia region of Italy. It produces a dark red wine that can be rather floral yet also have the tell-tale rustic flavors of many Italian red wines (something of old leather and barnyards). Synonyms

Neuburger - white -
An Austrian grape that is used to make both dry white wines and late harvest dessert wines. Synonyms

Nero d'Avola - red -
A grape from Sicily, and one of the most important grapes in Italy. Produces spicy red wines that are enjoyable young and can be made to age as well. Synonyms

Ottavianello - red -
Italian for Cinsault. Used for blending in Apulia, as well as by itself in the tiny region of Ostuni Ottavianello.

Parellada - white -
The main grape used in Spanish Cava; provides fresh fruit flavors and good acidity. The other grapes used to produce Cava are Macabeo and Xarel-lo.

Pedro Ximenez - white -
Most known for the production of Sherry and sweet PX wines in Spain. Thought to be similar to the Pedro Gimenez grape grown widely in South America, but the exact connection has yet to be determined. Synonyms

Petit Verdot - red -
Used mostly in blending with Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and/or Merlot to add acidity and tannins to the wine that increase balance and the ability of the wine to age. Synonyms

Petite Sirah - red -
A cross between Syrah and Peloursin. Produces wines that are an inky purple in color, fairly tannic and have a spicy plum flavor. Synonyms

Pinot Blanc - white -
Produces light bodied, floral white wines. Most common in Alsace where it is used to produce both dry and sweet wines. A genetic mutation of Pinot Gris. Synonyms

Pinot Gris - white -
"Gris" is the French word for "gray". It gets this name because the skin is greyish-blue even though it produces white wine. Considered one of the "Noble" wines of Alsace, it is used to produce dry table wines and sweet dessert wines. Medium bodied with flavors of melon and citrus. In Italy it called Pinot Grigio and is made for fresh, crisp, light bodied wines. Synonyms

Pinot Meunier - red -
A mutation of Pinot Noir. Primarily used as a blending grape in Champagne along with Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. Adds freshness and acidity to Champagne making it more enjoyable when young. Synonyms

Pinotage - red -
A South African cross between Cinsault and Pinot Noir. Medium bodied with some cherry fruits and smokiness. Even the best examples often have a tell-tale aroma of a rubber chicken on a bbq.

Portugieser - red -
Most common in Germany. Produces wines that are light in body and fairly high in acid. Also commonly used to make rosé wines. Synonyms

Roter Traminer - white -
Alternative German dialect for Gewurztraminer.

Rotgipfler - white -
An aromatic white grape from Austria. Becoming increasingly popular and capable of making full bodied white wines. Synonyms

Ruby Cabernet - red -
A red grape created in 1936 at UC Davis. It is a cross between Cabernet Sauvignon and Carignan. Produces wines ofmadequate quality that are generally used for blending in California, South Africa and Australia.

Saint Laurent - red -
A very aromatic dark red grape in the family of Pinot Noir. Mostly found in Austria, Germany and the Czech Republic. Synonyms

Savagnin - white -
A very neutral white grape with very little aromas or flavors. Genetically unstable, so it is better to think of this as a family of grapes rather than one grape. It has several synonyms

Silvaner - white -
Until recently, mostly thought to produce bland wines in large quantities. However, recent wines from Alsace have shown that it can produce very elegant wines that express terroir very well. Synonyms

Sultana - white -
A seedless grape used more for table grapes and raisins than wine. Makes a sweet bland wine used for bulk white blends. Synonyms

Sumoll - red -
A Spanish grape used to make red wines. We'll update this with worthwhile information when we find one and get to taste it. If you produce one, tell us how to get it!

Tarrango - red -
A hybrid of Touriga Nacional and Sultana grown mostly in Australia. It produces a somewhat plain yet reasonably priced wine.

Tinta Roriz - red -
Portuguese for Tempranillo.

Touriga Francesa - red -
One of the main grapes used in making Port dessert wines. It produces wines with a lot of floral aromas and helps soften the hard edges of Touriga Nacional. Increasingly popular for use as table wine too. Synonyms

Touriga Nacional - red -
Arguably the most important grape in Portugal for making hig quality Port dessert wines. Very small berries produce a wine of great intensity, dark black fruit flavors and high tannins. It is increasingly being used in Portuguese table wines as well. Synonyms

Traminer - white -
See Savagnin

Trebbiano - white -
Grown around the world for its ability to produce large yields. The resulting wines can be fruity, but are generally somewhat bland. Naturally very high in acidity. Synonyms

Tyrian -
The Tyrian grape is a cross of Cabernet Sauvignon and Sumoll that was created specifically to thrive in Australia. Wine made from this grape is generally dark in color with red currant and berry aromas and spicy fruit flavors. It is high in tannin and has excellent aging potential.

Ugni Blanc - white -
A key grape in the production of Cognac, prized for its neutral flavors and naturally high acidity. Also called Trebbiano.

Valdeguié - red -
Grown as a bulk wine grape in France, but used to produce some nice light-bodied and fruity table wines in California. Often confused with Gamay, but they are not related. Synonyms

Verdejo - white -
Mostly grown in the Rueda region of Spain. Produces full bodied wines with citrus flavors and lots of minerality.

Verdelho - white -
A white grape grown throughout Portugal and used in in white table wines and white Port. It is also one of the main Madeira wines. Becoming more popular in the New World for producing white wines with medium body and lime and honeysuckle flavors. Synonyms

Weissburgunder - white -
Austrian Pinot Blanc.

Welschriesling - white -
A grape common in Eastern Europe that has nothing to do with the Riesling grape. Very versatile, and can produce wines that range from light and fruity to full bodied. Also used to make late harvest dessert wines.

Xarel-lo - white -
Pronounced "sharello". Adds a distinct earthy note to the traditional Cava and traditionaly blended with Macabeo and Parellada.

Zierfandler - white -
Produces a spicy Austrian wine that is high in acidity.

Zweigelt - red -
Austrian grape that produces spicy, full bodied wines with lots of tannin but low in acidity.


Many world regions have different names for the same grapes. There are also regions of the world that use the same name for different grapes. This is clearly rather confusing, and the list below tries to make clear which names are the same grape and which are just people making mistakes. We strongly recommend you don't attempt to read this all in one sitting as it may cause head explosions. If you know of any names we missed or think we are wrong about something, please tell us at

The words in [] are the locations (or languages) where the alternate usage can be found. For example: Zinfandel - Primitivo [Italy]. Primitivo is a term used in Italy for the Zinfandel grape. Just because a region is listed does not necessarily mean the name is exclusive to that region.

Altesse -
Altesse Blanche, Altesse Verte, Arin, Fusette, Fusette d'Amberieu, Fusette de Montagnieu, Ignam, Ignan Blanc, Maconnais, Petit Maconnais, Prin Blanc, Rousette Haute, Roussette, Roussette Basse, Roussette de Montagnieu, Roussette Grosse, Roussette Haute, Roussette Petite, Serene Blanche

Abouriou -
Early Burgundy [California], Gamay du Rhone, Gamay St Laurent

Aligoté -
Aligotay, Alligotay, Aligote, Alligoté, Blanc de Troyes, Carcairone Blanc, Carcarone, Carchierone, Chaudenet, Chaudenet Gras, Giboudot Blanc, Griset Blanc, Karkarone Blank, Melon de Jura, Muhranuli, Mukhranudi, Pistone, Plant de Trois, Plant de Trois Raisins, Plant Gris, Purion Blanc, Selon Molon, Selon Odart, Troyen Blanc, Vert Blanc

Barbera -
Barber a Raspo Rosso, Barbera a Peduncolo Rosso, Barbera a Peduncolo Verde, Barbera a Raspo Verde, Barbera Amaro, Barbera Crna, Barbera D'Asti, Barbera Dolce, Barbera Fina, Barbera Forte, Barbera Grossa, Barbera Mercantile, Barbera Nera, Barbera Nostrana, Barbera Riccia, Barbera Rissa, Barbera Rosa, Barbera Vera, Barberone, Besgano, Cosses Barbusen, Gaietto, Lombardesca, Ughetta

Blaufränkisch -
Blauer Lemberger [Germany], Franconia [Slovakia], Frankovka [Slovakia], Gamé, Kékfrankos [Hungary], Lemberger [Germany], Modra Frankinja [Slovenia]

Bonarda -
Charbono [California], Corbeau [Savoie], Douce Noir [Savoie]

Bonarda Piemontese -
Bonarda dell'Astigiano, Bonarda di Chieri, Bonarda di Gattinara, Bonarda del Monferrato

Bourbelanc -
Claireet Rousse, Clairette Dorée, Grosse Clairette, Clairette à Grains Ronds

Cabernet Franc -
Aceria, Acheria, Arrouya, Bordo, Bouchet, Bouchy [Gascony], Breton, Burdeas Tinto, Cabernet, Cabernet Aunis, Cabernet Franco, Cabernet Gris, Capbreton Rouge, Carmenet [Bordeaux], Fer Servandou, Gamput, Grosse Vidure, Hartling, Kaberne Fran, Messanges Rouge, Morenoa, Noir Dur, Petit Fer, Petit Viodure, Petite Vidure, Petite Vignedure, Plant Breton, Plant Des Sables, Trouchet Noir, Véron, Véron Bouchy, Véronais

Cabernet Sauvignon -
Bouche, Bouchet, Petit Bouchet, Petit-Cabernet, Petit-Vidure, Sauvignon Rouge, Vidure

Carignan -
Bois Dur [France], Carignan Noir [France], Carignane [California], Carignano [Italy], Cariñena [Spain], Carinyena [Catalan], Catalan [France], Crujillon [Spain], Mazuelo [Spain], Monestel [France], Pinot Evara[Portugal], Plant de Lédenon [France], Roussillonen [France], Samsó[Spain], Tinto Mazuelo [Spain], Uva di Spagna [Italy]

Carmenere -
Bouton Blanc, Carbonet, Carbouet, Carméeyre, Carmenelle, Cabernelle, Grande Vidure

Chardonnay -
Arboisier, Arnaison Blanc, Arnoison, Aubain, Aubaine, Auvergnat Blanc, Auvernas, Auvernas Blanc, Auvernat Blanc, Auxeras, Auxerras Blanc, Auxerrois Blanc, Auxois, Auxois Blanc, Bargeois Blanc, Beanois, Biela Klevanjika, Blanc de Champagne, Blanc de Cramant, Breisgauer Suessling, Breisgauer Sussling, Burgundi Feher, Chablis, Chardenai, Chardenay, Chardenet, Chardennet, Chardonay, Chardonnet, Chasselas, Chatenait, Chatey Petit, Chatte, Chaudenay, Chaudenet, Chaudent, Clävner, Clevner Weiss, Cravner, Epinette, Epinette Blanc, Epinette Blanche, Epinette de Champagne, Ericey Blanc, Feher Chardonnay, Feherburgundi, Feinburgunder, Gamay Blanc, Gelber Weissburgunder, Gentil Blanc, Grosse Bourgogne, Klawner, Klevanjka Biela, Klevner, Lisant, Luisant, Luizannais, Luizant, Luzannois, Maconnais, Maurillon Blanc, Melon Blanc, Melon D'Arbois, Meroué, Moreau Blanc, Morillon Blanc, Moulon, Noirien Blanc, Obaideh, Petit Chatey, Petit Sainte-Marie, Petite Sainte Marie, Pineau Blanc, Pino Sardone, Pino Shardone, Pinot Blanc (NOT to be confused the the grape Pinot Blanc), Pinot Blanc à Cramant, Pinot Blanc Chardonnay, Pinot Chardonnay, Pinot de Bourgogne, Pinot Giallo, Pinot Planc, Plant de Tonnerre, Romere, Romeret, Rouci Bile, Rousseau, Roussot, Ruländer Weiss, Sainte Marie Petite, Sardone, Shardone, Shardonne, Später Weiss Burgunder, Weiss Clevner, Weiss Edler, Weiss Elder, Weiss Klewner, Weiss Silber, Weissedler, Weisser Clevner, Weisser Rulander.

Chenin Blanc -
Anjou, Blanc d’Anjou, Blanc d'Aunis, Capbreton Blanc [Landes, France], Confort, Coue Fort, Cruchinet [SW France], Cugnette, Feher Chenin, Franc Blanc, Franche, Gamet blanc [Aveyron, France], Gout Fort, Gros Chenin, Gros Pinot Blanc de la Loire, Luarskoe, Pineau d'Anjou, Pineau de Briollay, Pineau de la Loire, Pineau de Savennières, Pineau Gros, Pineau Gros de Vouvray, Pineau Nantais, Plant d’Anjou, Plant de Brézé, Plant de Salces, Plant de Salles, Plant du Clair de Lune, Quefort, Rajoulin, Rouchalin, Rougelin, Steen [South Africa], Stein, Tête de Crabe, Vaalblaar Stein, Verdurant

Cinsault -
Black Malvoisie [California], Black Prince [Australia], Blue Imperial [Australia], Boudales, Bourdales Kek, Budales, Calabre, Chainette, Cincout, Cinq-sao, Cinquien, Cinsanet, Cinsault, Cubilier, Cubillier, Cuviller, Espagne, Espagnol, Froutignan, Grappu De La Dordogne, Hermitage, Malaga Kek, Marocain, Maurange, Mavro Kara Melkii, Milhau, Morterille Noire, Moustardier Noir, Navarro, Negru De Sarichioi, Oeillade [Australia], Oeillade Noire, Ottavianello [Italy], Ottaviano, Ottavinello, Pampous, Papadou, Passerille, Pedaire, Picardan Noir, Picardin Noir, Piquepoul D'Uzes, Pis De Chevre, Plant D Arles Boudales, Plant D'Arles, Plant De Broqui, Plant De Broquies, Poupe De Crabe, Pousse De Chevre Rouge, Prunaley, Prunelas, Prunella, Prunellas Noir, Salerne, Samson, Senso, Sensu, Strum, Takopulo Kara, Ulliade [Australia], Ulliaou, West's White Prolific

Clairette Blanche -
Blanc Laffite, Blanquette, Blanquette De Limoux, Bon Afrara, Bou Afrara, Branquete, Cibade, Clairette, Clairette De Limoux, Clairette De Trans, Clairette Pointue, Clairette Pounchoudo, Clairette Verte, Clarette, Clerette, Colle Musquette, Cotticour, Feher Clairette, Feher Kleret, Gaillard Blanc, Granolata, Kleret, Kleret Belyi, Muscade, Osianka, Ousianka, Ovsyaika, Ovsyanka, Petit Blanc, Petit Kleret, Petite Clairette, Poupe De Gate, Pti Blan D'obena, Seidentraube, Uva Gijona, Vivsianka, Vivsyanka

Colombard -
Columbar [South Africa], French Colombard [US]

Croatina -
Bonarda dell'Oltrepò Pavese

Dolcetto -
Acqui, Barbirono, Bathiolin, Batialin, Beina, Bignola, Bignona, Bignonia, Bignonina, Bourdon Noir, Cassolo, Charbonneau, Charbono (not the same grape as Bonarda), Chasselas Noir, Cote Rouge Merille, Crete de Coq, Debili Rifosk, Dolcedo Rotstieliger, Dolceto, Dolcetta Nera, Dolcetto A Raspe Verde, Dolcetto A Raspo Rosso, Dolcetto Nero, Dolcetto Piemontese, Dolchetto, Dolcino Nero, Dolciut, Dolsin, Dolsin Nero, Dolsin Raro, Dolzin, Dolzino, Dosset, Gros Noir de Montelimar, Gros Plant, Maennlicher Refosco, Mauvais Noir, Montelimar, Monteuse, Montmelian, Mosciolino, Nera Dolce, Nibio, Noirin D'Espagne, Nord Du Lot Et Garonne, Ocanette, Orincasca, Ormeasca, Ormeasco [Lugiria], Picot Rouge, Plant de Calarin, Plant de Chapareillan, Plant de Moirans, Plant de Montmelian, Plant de Provence, Plant de Savoie, Plant de Turin, Plant du Roi, Premasto, Primaticcio, Primativo, Primitivo Nero, Promotico, Provencal, Ravanellino, Refork, Refork Debeli, Refork Male, Refosk Debeli, Rotstieliger Dolcedo, Savoyard, Turin, Turino, Uva d'Acqui, Uva d'Acquia, Uva del Monferrato, Uva di Ovada, Uva di Roccagrimalda

Doradillo -
Blanquette, Jaen, Jaen Blanco

Frühburgunder -
Pinot Noir Précoce [France]

Gamay -
Gamay Noir [US], Gamay Noir à Jus Blanc

This is particularly difficult as the Traminer family of grapes is very instable genetically. The result is that many similar grapes have slightly different DNA. Over time many of these names may prove to be distinct grape varieties. So take this list with a grain of salt and assume that these grapes are at the very least extremely similar: Auvernas Rouge, Blanc Brun, Blanc Court, Bon Blanc, Christkindeltraube, Christkindlestraube, Clevener, Clevner, Crevena Ruziva, Crovena Ruzica, Diseci Traminer, Dreimaenner, Dreimannen, Dreipfennigholz, Drumin, Drumin Ljbora, Duret Rouge, Edeltraube, Fermentin Rouge, Fleischroth, Fleischweiner, Formentin Rouge, Fourmenteau Rouge, Frencher, Fromente, Fromenteau, Fuszeres, Fuszeres Tramini [Hungary], Gentil Rose Aromatique, Gentil-duret Rouge, Gentile Blanc, Gewuerztraminer, Gringet, Gris Rouge, Haiden, Kirmizi Traminer, Klaebinger, Klaevner, Kleinbraun, Kleinwiener, Livora, Livora Cervena, Mala Dinka, Marzimmer, Mirisavi Traminac, Nature, Nature Rose, Noble Rose, Nuernberger Rot, Pinat Cervena, Piros Tramini, Plant Paien, Princ Cerveny, Princt Cervena, Princt Cerveny, Ranfoliza, Rosentraminer, Rotclevner, Rotedel, Roter Nuerberger, Roter Nuernberger, Roter Traminer, Rotfranken, Rothklauser, Rothweiner, Rothwiener, Rotklaevler, Rotklaevner, Rotklevner, Rousselet, Runziva, Rusa, Ruska, Ryvola, Salvagnin, Sauvagnin, Savagnin, Savagnin Jaune, Savagnin Rosa Aromatique, Savagnin Rose, Savagnin Rose Aromatique, Savagnin Rose Musque, St. Klauser, Termeno Aromatico, Tramin Cerveny, Tramin Korenny, Traminac Crveni, Traminac Diseci, Traminac Mirisavi [Croatia], Traminac Mirisavi Crveni, Traminac Sivi, Traminec, Traminer, Traminer Aromatico, Traminer Epice, Traminer Musque, Traminer Parfume, Traminer Rosa, Traminer Rose Aromatique, Traminer Rot, Traminer Rozovyi, Tramini Piros, Trammener

Abundante, Aleante, Aleantedi Rivalto, Aleante Poggiarelli, Alicant Blau, Alicante, Alicante Grenache, Aragones, Bois Jaune, Cannonaddu, Cannonadu Nieddu, Cannonau, Cannonau Selvaggio, Canonazo, Carignane Rosso, Elegante, Francese, Garnaccho Negro, Garnacha, Garnacha Comun, Garnacha Negra, Garnacha Roja, Garnacha Tinta, Garnatxa Negra, Garnatxa Pais, Gironet, Granaccia, Granaxa, Grenache Noir, Grenache Rouge, Kek Grenache, Lladoner, Mencida, Navaro, Navarra, Navarre de la Dordogne, Navarro, Negru Calvese, Ranconnat, Red Grenache, Redondal, Retagliadu Nieddu, Rivesaltes, Rousillon Tinto, Roussillon, Rouvaillard, Sans Pareil, Santa Maria de Alcantara, Tentillo, Tintella, Tintilla, Tinto Menudo, Tinto Navalcarnero, Tocai Rosso, Toledana, Uva di Spagna

Grenache Blanc

Grüner Veltliner
Grüner Muskateller, Green Veltliner, Greener Veltliner, GrüVe, Manhardsrebe, Veltliner, Weissgipfler

Macabeo -
Alcañol, Alcañón, Blanca de Daroca, Charas Blanc, Forcalla, Gredelín, Lardot, Macabeu [Catalan], Maccabeo, Perpignan, Queue de Renard, Rossan, Viuna, Viura

Malbec -
Agreste, Auxerrois [Cahors] (not to be confused with the white grape called Auxerrois in Alsace and Chablis), Auxerrois De Laquenexy, Auxerrois Des Moines De Picpus, Auxerrois Du Mans, Balouzat, Balouzet, Beran, Blanc De Kienzheim, Cahors [France], Calarin, Cauli, Costa Rosa, Côt, Cot A Queue Verte, Cotes Rouges, Doux Noir, Estrangey, Gourdaux, Grelot De Tours, Grifforin, Guillan, Hourcat, Jacobain, Luckens, Magret, Malbeck, Malbek, Medoc Noir, Mouranne, Navarien, Negre De Prechac, Negrera, Noir De Chartres, Noir De Pressac, Noir Doux, Nyar De Presak, Parde, Perigord, Pied De Perdrix, Plant du Lot, Pied Noir, Pied Rouge, Pied Rouget, Piperdy, Plant D'Arles, Plant De Meraou, Plant Du Roi, Prechat, Pressac, Prunieral, Quercy, Queue Rouge, Quille De Coy, Romieu, Teinturin, Terranis, Vesparo

Ermitage, Ermitage Blanc [Switzerland], Grosse Roussette [Savoie], Victoria [Australia, California]

Merlot -
Bordo [Italy], Petit Merle, Semilhoun Rouge

Mondeuse Blanche -
Aigre Blanc, Blanc Aigre, Blanche, Blanchette, Couilleri, Dongine, Donjin, Jongin, Jonvin, Molette, Persagne, Savouette

Mondeuse Noir -
Angelique, Argillet, Argilliere, Begeain, Begean, Bon Savoyan, Chetouan, Cintuan, Cotillon Des Dames, Gascon, Grand Chetuan, Grand Picot, Grand Picou, Gros Chetuan, Gros Picot, Gros Piquot, Gros Plant, Gros Rouge, Gros Rouge Du Pays, Grosse Sirah, Gueyne, Guyenne, La Dame, Languedoc, Largillet, Maldoux, Mandouse, Mandoux, Mandouze, Mantouse, Margilien, Margillin, Marlanche Noire, Marsanne Noire, Marsanne Ronde, Marve, Maudos, Maudoux, Meximieux, Molette, Molette Noire, Mondeuse Rouge, Morlanche Mouteuse, Parcense, Persagne, Persaigne, Persance, Persanne, Pinot Vache, Plant Maudos, Plant Medoc, Plant Modo, Plant Modol, Plant Noir, Prossaigne, Refosco, Rouget, Salanaise, Savoe, Savoete, Savouai, Savouette, Savoyan, Savoyanche, Savoyange, Savoyanne, Savoyant, Savoyard, Savoyen, Savoyet, Syrah Grosse, Terran, Terrano, Tornarin, Tournarin, Tournerin, Vache

Mourvedre -
Alcallata, Alcayata, Alicante, Arach Sap, Balzac, Balzar, Benadu, Beneda, Beni Carlo, Berardi, Bod, Bon Avis, Buona Vise, Casca, Catalan, Cayata, Caymilari Sarda, Charnet, Churret, Damas Noir, Drug, English Colossal, Espagnen, Espar, Esparte, Estrangle-chien [France], Flouron, Flouroux, Garrut, Gayata Tinta, Karis, Maneschaou, Marseillais, Mataro [Portugal], Maurostel, Mechin, Monastre, Monastrell [Spain], Monastrell Menudo, Monastrell Verdadero, Mourvedre, Mourvegue, Mourves, Murvedr Espar, Negralejo, Negria, Neyron, Pinot Fleri, Plant De Ledenon, Plant De Saint Gilles, Reina, Ros, Rossola Nera, Spar, Tintilla, Tire Droit, Torrentes, Trinchiera, Valcarcelia, Verema, Veremeta, Vereneta

Müller-Thurgau -
Johannisberg [Switzerland], Miler Turgau, Müller, Müller-Thurgaurebe, Müllerka, Müllerovo, Muller-Thurgeau, Mullerka, Mullerovo, Riesling-Silvaner, Riesling-Sylvamer, Riesling x Silavaner [Switzerland], Rivaner [Austria, Germany, Luxemburg], Rizanec, Rizlingsilvani, Rizlingszilvani [Hungary], Rizlingzilvani, Rizvanac, Rizvanac Bijeli, Rizvanec, Rizvaner

Muscadelle -
Sauvignon Vert [California], Tokay [Australia]

Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains -
Brown Muscat [Australia], Frontignac [Australia], Moscatel de Grano Menudo, Moscatel Rosé, Moscato Bianco, Muscat Blanc, Muscat Canelli, Muscat d'Alsace, Muscat de Frontignan, Muscat de Lunel, Muskadel [South Africa], Muskateller, Sárgamuskotály

Muscat of Alexandria -
Muscat d'Alexandrie, Muscat Gordo Blanco

Muscat Ottonel -
Muskat-Ottonel [Germany]

Nebbiolo -
Chiavennasca [Valtellina], Nebieul [Piedmont], Picutener, Spanna [Novara]

Negroamaro -
Abbruzzese, Abruzzese, Albese, Amaro Nero, Amaronero, Arbese, Arbise, Jonico, Lacrima, Lacrimo, Mangia Verde, Mangiaverde, Mangiaverme, Morese, Negra Della Lorena, Negroamaro, Nero Amaro, Nero Leccese, Nicra Amaro, Niuri Maru, Niuru Maru, San Lorenzo, San Marzuno, Uva cane

Neuburger -
Gruner Burgunder [Austria]

Nero d'Avola -
Calabrese D'Avola, Calabrese De Calabria, Calabrese Di Noto, Calabrese Dolce, Calabrese Pittatello, Calabrese Pizzuto, Calabriai Fekete, Raisin De Calabre Noir, Struguri De Calabria

Pedro Ximenez -
Alamis, Alamis De Totana, Jimenez, Myuskadel, Pasa Rosada De Malaga, Pedro, Pedro Giménez, Pedro Jimenez, Pedro Khimenes, Pedro Ximénès, Pedro Ximenes De Jerez, Pedro Ximenez De Montilla, Pero Ximen, Pero Ximenez, PX, Uva Pero Ximenez, Uva Pero Ximen, Ximenecia, Ximénès, Ximénez

Petit Verdot -
Bouton, Carmelin, Heran, Lambrusquet Noir, Petit Verdau, Petit Verdot Noir, Verdot, Verdot Rouge

Petite Sirah -
Duriff, Plant Durif, Plant Fourchou, Pinot de l'Hermitage, Pinot de Romans

Pinot Blanc -
Fehér Burgundi [Hungary], Klevner [Austria], Pinot Bianco [Italy, Spain], Rulandské Bilé [Czech Republic], Weissburgunder [Austria]

Pinot Gris -
Auxerrois Gris [Alsace], Fauvet [France], Fromentu [Languedoc], Fromentot [France], Grauburgunder [Germany], Grauer Burgunder [Germany], Grauer Mönch [Germany], Grauklevner [Germany], Gris Cordelier [France], Malvoisie [Loire, Switzerland], Monemvasia [Greece], Pinot Grigio [Italy], Pinot Beurot [Loire, Burgundy], Ruländer [Austria, Germany, Romania], Rulandské Sedé [Czech Republic, Slovakia], Sivi Pinot [Croatia, Slovenia], Szürkebarát [Hungary], Tokay d'Alsace [only found on older bottles from Alsace; no longer allowed by EU regulations]

Pinot Noir -
Blauburgunder [Austria, Switzerland], Pinot Nero [Italy], Rhenish [Shakespeare], Spätburgunder [Germany]

Pinot Meunier -
Meunier, Miller's Burgundy, Müllerrebe, Schwarzriesling [Germany]

Portugieser -
Blauer Portugieser, Autrichien, Badener, Blaue Feslauertraube, Feslauer, Kékoporto [Hungary], Modry Portugal [Czech Republic], Portugizac Plavi [Croatia], Modra Portugalka [Slovenia], Oporto, Portugais Bleu [France], Portugaljka, Portugieser, Portugizac Crni, Vöslauer

Riesling -
Beregi Riesling, Beyaz Riesling, Biela Grasevina, Dinca Grasiva Biela, Edelriesling, Edle Gewuerztraube, Feher Rajnai, Gentil Aromatique, Gentile Aromatique, Gewuerzriesling, Gewuerztraube, Graefenberger, Graschevina, Grasevina Rajnska, Grauer Riesling, Grobriesling, Hochheimer, Johannisberg, Johannisberger, Karbacher Riesling, Kastellberger, Kis Rizling, Kleigelberger, Kleiner Riesling, Kleinriesler, Kleinriesling, Klingelberger, Krauses, Krausses Roessling, Lipka, Moselriesling, Niederlaender, Oberkircher, Oberlaender, Petit Rhin, Petit Riesling, Petracine, Pfaelzer, Pfefferl, Piros Rajnai Rizling, Pussilla, Raisin Du Rhin, Rajinski Rizling, Rajnai Rizling, Rajnski Ruzling, Rano, Reichsriesling, Reissler, Remo, Rendu, Reno, Renski Rizling, Rezlik, Rezlin, Rezlink, Rhein Riesling, Rheingauer, Rheinriesling, Rhiesling, Riesler, Riesling Bianco, Riesling Blanc, Riesling De Rhin, Riesling Echter Weisser, Riesling Edler, Riesling Gelb Mosel E43, Riesling Giallo, Riesling Grosso, Riesling Gruener Mosel, Riesling Mosel, Riesling Reinskii, Riesling Renano [Italy], Riesling Rhenan, Riesling Rhine, Rieslinger, Rislinenok, Rislinok, Rizling Linner, Rizling Rajinski, Rizling Rajnai, Rizling Rajnski, Rizling Reinskii, Rizling Rynsky, Roessling, Rohac, Rossling, Rosslinger, Ruessel, Ruessling, Russel, Ryn-Riesling, Ryzlink Rynsky, Starosvetske, Starovetski, Szuerke Rizling, Uva Pussila, Weisser Riesling, White Riesling

Rotgipfler -
Reifler, Rotreifler

Saint Laurent -
Laurenzitraube, Pinot Saint Laurent, Svatovavrinecké

Sauvignon Blanc -
Blanc Fume [France], Fume Blanc [US], Muskat Silvaner [Germany], Sauvignon [France], Sauvignon Jaune

Savagnin -
Auvernat Blanc, Bon Blanc, Forment, Formentin Blanc, Fraentsch, Fromenteau, Gentil Blanc, Gringet, Gruenedel, Grumin, Heida, Païen, Princ Bily, Printsch Grau, Ryvola Bila, Schleitheimer, Servoyen Blanc, Traminer, Traminer D'Ore, Traminer Weiss

Sangiovese -
Brunello, Brunello Di Montalcino, Calabrese, Cardisco, Cordisio, Dolcetto Precoce, Ingannacane, Lambrusco Mendoza, Maglioppa, Montepulciano, Morellino, Morellone, Negretta, Nerino, Niella, Nielluccia, Nielluccio, Pigniuolo Rosso, Pignolo, Plant Romain, Primaticcio, Prugnolo, Prugnolo Di Montepulciano, Prugnolo Gentile, Prugnolo Gentile Di Montepulciano, Riminese, San Gioveto, San Zoveto, Sancivetro, Sangineto, Sangiovese Dal Cannello Lungo, Sangiovese Di Lamole, Sangiovese Di Romagna, Sangiovese Dolce, Sangiovese Gentile, Sangiovese Grosso, Sangiovese Nostrano, Sangiovese Toscano, Sangioveto Dell'Elba, Sangioveto Dolce, Sangioveto Grosso, Sangioveto Montanino, Sanvincetro, Sanzoveto, Tignolo, Tipsa, Toustain, Uva Abruzzi, Uva Brunella, Uva Canina, Uva Tosca, Uvetta

Semillon -
Hunter River Riesling [Australia], Wyndruif

Silvaner -
Arvine, Arvine Grande, Augustiner Weiss, Beregi Szilvani, Boetzinger, Clozier, Cynifadl Zeleny, Cynifal, Fliegentraube, Frankenriesling, Frankentraube, Fueszeres Szilvani, Gamay Blanc, Gentil Vert, Gros Rhin, Gros-rhin, Gruen Silvaner, Gruenedel, Gruenfraenkisch, Grün Silvaner, Grüner Silvaner, Grüner Sylvaner, Grünfraenkisch, Haeusler Schwarz, Johannisberger, Mishka, Momavaka, Monterey Riesling, Moravka, Movavka, Muschka, Mushza, Musza, Nemetskii Rizling, Oesterreicher, Oestreicher, Pepltraube, Picardon Blanc, Picardou Blanc, Plant Du Rhin, Rhin, Rundblatt, Salfin, Salfine Bely, Salvaner, Salviner, Scharvaner, Scherwaner, Schoenfeilner, Schwaebler, Schwuebler, Sedmogradka, Sedmogradska Zelena, Selenzhiz, Selivan, Sylvaner Vert, Silvanske Zelene, Siylvaner, Sonoma Riesling, Syilvaner, Sylvan Zeleny, Sylvaner, Sylvaner Verde, Szilvani Feher, Tschafahnler, Yesil Silvaner, Zelencic, Zeleny, Zierfandler, Zierifandel, Zinifal, Zoeld Szilvani, Zoeldsilvani

Sultana -
Thompson Seedless [USA]

Syrah -
Antourenein Noir, Balsamina, Candive, Entournerein, Gros Syrah [Rhone], Hermitage, Hignin Noir, Marsanne Noir, Petite Syrah [Rhone] (NOT to be confused with the different grape Petite Sirah, Schiras, Shiraz [Australia, South Africa, US], Sirac, Syra, Syrac, Serine, Sereine

Tempranillo -
Aldepenas, Aragones, Aragonêz [Portugal], Aragonez Da Ferra, Aragonez de Elvas, Arganda, Arinto Tinto, Cencibel [Castile La Mancha, Madrid, Aragón, Extremadura, Murcia], Cencibera, Chinchillana [Extremadura], Chinchillano, Chinchilyano, Cupani, Escobera [Extremadura, South America], Garnacho Foño [South America], Grenache de Logrono, Jacibiera [Castile La Mancha, South America], Jacivera, Juan Garcia, Negra de Mesa, Ojo de Liebre, Olho de Lebre, Sensibel, Tempranilla, Tempranillo de la Rioja, Tempranillo de Perralta, Tempranillo de Rioja, Tempranillo de Rioza, Tinta Aragones, Tinta de Santiago, Tinta de Toro, Tinta Do Inacio, Tinta Monteira, Tinta Monteiro [South America], Tinta Roriz [Portugal], Tinta Roriz Da Penajola, Tinta Santiago [South America], Tinto Aragon, Tinto Aragonez, Tinto de la Ribera, Tinto de Madrid [Toledo, Cantabria, Salamanca, Soria, Valladolid, Madrid], Tinto del País [Castile/Leon, Rioja], Tinto de Rioja, Tinto de Toro [Zamora], Tinto del Toro, Tinto Fino [Castile/Leon, Madrid, Valencia, Extremadura, Rioja], Tinto Madrid, Tinto Pais, Tinto Ribiera, Tinto Riojano, Ull de Llebre [Catalonia], Valdepeñas, Verdiell [Catalonia], Vid de Aranda [Burgos],

Touriga Francesa -
Albino de Souza, Esgana Cao, Rifete, Tourigo Frances, Touriga Franca, Touriga Francesca

Touriga Nacional -
Bical Tinto, Mortágua, Mortágua Preto, Preto Mortágua, Touriga, Touriga Fina, Tourigao, Tourigo Antigo, Tourigo do Dão, Turiga

Trebbiano -
Albano, Beau, Biancone, Blanc Auba, Blanc De Cadillac, Blancoun, Bobiano, Bonebeou, Bouan, Branquinha, Brocanico, Bubbiano, Buriano, Buzzetto, Cadillac, Cadillate, Castelli, Castelli Romani, Castillone, Chator, Clairette D'Afrique, Clairette De Vence [France], Clairette Ronde [France], Engana Rapazes, Espadeiro Branco, Falanchina, Greco, Gredelin, Hermitage White, Juni Blan, Lugana, Malvasia Fina, Muscadet Aigre, Padeiro Branco, Perugino, Procanico, Procanico Dell Isola D Elba, Procanico Portoferraio, Queue De Renard [France], Romani, Rossan De Nice, Rossetto, Rossola [Corsica], Rossula, Roussan, Roussea, Rusciola, Saint Emilion, Saint Emilion Des Charentes, Santoro, Shiraz White, Spoletino, Talia, Thalia [Bulgaria, Portugal], Trebbianello, Trebbiano, Trebbiano d'Abruzzo, Trebbiano Della Fiamma, Trebbiano Di Cesene, Trebbiano Di Empoli, Trebbiano Di Lucca, Trebbiano di Soave, Trebbiano Di Tortona, Trebbiano Fiorentino, Trebbiano Gallo, Trebbiano Romagnolo, Trebbiano Toscano, Trebbianone, Tribbiano, Tribbiano Forte, Turbiano, Ugni Blanc [France], White Hermitage [Australia]

Uva Rara -
Bonarda Novarese [Novara, Vercelli]

Valdeguié -
Brocol [Gaillac], Gros Auxerrois [France], Gamay 15 [California], Napa Gamay [California], (previously mistakenly thought to be the Gamay grape.)

Verdelho -
Gouveio [Portugal], Verdello [Spain]

Viognier -
Bergeron, Barbin, Galopine, Greffou, Petit Vionnier, Picotin Blanc, Rebolot, Viogne, Vionnier, Vugava Bijela

Zierfandler -

Zinfandel -
Black St. Peters, Crljenak Kastelanski [Croatia], Gioia Del Colle, Locale, Morellone, Plavac Veliki, Primaticcio, Primativo, Primitivo [Italy], Primitivo Di Gioia, Primitivo Nero, Uva Della Pergola, Uva Di Corato, Zeinfandall, Zenfendal, Zinfandal, Zinfardel, Zinfardell, Zinfindal, Zinfindel